Bookkeeping And Accounting Papers
15-Oct-2020 By - team

DISCLAIMER: We're commenting on USA legislation

If you're considering opening your own business, you should start saving up for the equipment and supplies that will make your job simpler and increase your chances of success. Finding out which elements of routine business maintenance you can handle yourself rather than hiring expensive contractors to do the work is a part of that investment. There is a fine line between what is considered DIY and what is not; for example, you wouldn't want to give legal advice. Where does accounting fit into this discussion, then?

four years
In general, it takes four years of study to earn a degree in accounting.
As with most careers, a postgraduate degree is desirable, but not essential. Some accountants do, but you'll find many that don't. Instead, most people in the industry will have completed an AAT (Association of Accounting Technicians) course. This professional diploma is often a minimum requirement for the role.

While accounting does require a complex set of skills and abilities, as well as excellent attention to detail, it really isn't any more difficult than many of the other popular fields of study that lead to excellent lifelong career opportunities.

Blog Verticle Cta Img
Get started today

Got questions? We have answers

03 9568 5444

If you’re considering opening your own business, you should start saving up for the equipment and supplies that will make your job simpler and increase your chances of success. Finding out which elements of routine business maintenance you can handle yourself rather than employing pricey contractors to conduct the task is a part of that investment. There is a narrow line between what is considered DIY and what is not; for example, you wouldn’t want to give legal advise. Where does accounting fit into this discussion, then? Do you need certified public accountants, or can you do some of the bookkeeping duties yourself?

An accountant seems like a good idea whether you’re trying to set up your new small business or just need to handle your personal finances. They resemble the dads and mothers of fairies during tax season. And they’ll be especially helpful when you’re trying to do your taxes and are sifting through a mountain of unorganised receipts. Although accountants are cool, we can perform a lot of their work ourselves. To make accounting far more than just a “dismal science,” it helps to gain an awareness of the best financial practices.

Open a Business Bank Account

Your personal and business banking should remain separate. In the future, when you have more business transactions to handle, this will save you a tonne of time even if it may not seem urgent now. Banks provide a wide variety of accounts built exclusively for businesses, some of which are tailored for very small businesses with few or no employees.

Consider your financial needs first, then look at how many transactions you’ll make in a month and compare that to what the bank would charge you before heading to the bank to open an account. An account that charges you per transaction can be worth considering if your small business has few deposits or expenses. With certain banks’ business accounts, the monthly cost is waived as long as you maintain a minimum balance from month to month. Additionally, you should be sure to select the overdraft protection option in case you require it.

Avoid being sidetracked by offers of reward-based business credit cards or other inducements during your encounter with the bank agent. You can think about them, but you must decide if the additional expense is worthwhile. You want to know if this bank will provide a practical service with simple online tools, at a fair price, and will be able to assist you with loans or further credit in the future, if you need it.

Establish a Bookkeeping System

Are you going to go with a single entry system of accounting or double entry?

A Single Entry System of accounting is a form of bookkeeping in which every one of a company’s financial transactions is recorded as a single entry in a log. New small businesses usually use this process because of its simplicity, cost-effectiveness, and the fact that it requires no formal training.

A double-entry system requires a much more detailed bookkeeping process, where every entry has additional corresponding entry to a different account. Consider the word “double” in “double-entry” to stand for “debit” and “credit”. The two totals for each must balance. Otherwise, there is an error in the recording.

A double-entry system will provide complete records and allows for the creation of proper financial statements. There are many software options available today that make a double-entry system of bookkeeping easier to manage.

Track your expenses

Effective and precise expense monitoring is the cornerstone of sound business bookkeeping. It’s an essential stage that enables you to file tax returns, verify your filings, generate financial statements, keep track of deductible spending, and monitor the development of your company.

Create a system from the beginning for keeping track of receipts and other relevant documents. You can use a simple, traditional method like Filofax or a service like Shoeboxed to complete this task.

There are five types of receipts to pay special attention to:

  • Meals and entertainment. It’s a fantastic idea to conduct a business meeting in a café or restaurant, but make sure to thoroughly record it. Write down who attended and the reason for the lunch or outing on the reverse of the receipt.
  • Vehicle-related expenses. Apply the percentage of use to vehicle-related expenses after noting where, when, and why you used the vehicle for business.
  • Receipts for gifts. It matters if the gift giver attends the event alongside the recipient if the present is something like concert tickets. If so, the cost would not be considered a gift but rather as entertainment. Take note of these specifics on the receipt.
  • Home office receipts. You must figure out what proportion of your home is used for business, just like with vehicle expenses, and then apply that proportion to home-related expenses.

Starting your business from home will help you keep costs down and qualify you for some special tax incentives. Your home office space, home internet, home phone, travel to and from work places, and other business-related expenses are all deductible.

Any expense that is split between personal and professional use must indicate this split usage. For instance, if you just have one cell phone, you can subtract the portion of time you spend using it for work. Gas mileage expenses are fully deductible but make sure you save all receipts and keep track of your business miles (including where you’re going and why you’re travelling).

Set up a payroll system

Many online businesses begin as one-person operations. When the time comes to engage outside assistance, you must decide whether to treat the person as an employee or an independent contractor.

You must create a payroll schedule for your employees and make sure the appropriate taxes are being withheld. Numerous services are available to assist with this, and many options for accounting software include payroll as a function.

Maintain accurate records

A sage accountant once stated that you are only as good as the records that you keep, and they were right. Remember this catchphrase, and if you like, you may even hang a letter with it over your front door. Accounting is dependent on people not being lazy. The most effective tactic is to maintain records in both physical and digital formats simultaneously. While you are at the local office supply store, pick up a sturdy and reliable file cabinet, some hanging folders, some manilla envelopes, and some labels. Maintain an emphasis on clarity. The alphabetical order is the most effective one.

Create a strategy for preserving your books and follow it

To clarify further on the first issue, you are required to keep your books using a specific method. For example, as soon as you receive a check, you should immediately make a copy of it so that you can store it in both your physical file and your electronic file. After that, check that the computer has been turned off, and then attach a receipt to the invoice using a stapler. After that, you should put it in your bank account and give it a real name, rather than simply putting “Deposit” on the check. You will most likely become confused about the purpose of that seemingly haphazard deposit in the future.

File your receipts rather than discarding them

Since receipts can now be printed as well as emailed, you should scan all of your paper receipts into a digital file along with your emailed receipts if you want to ensure that you do not lose any of them given that receipts are now available in both formats. Put them into categories. These categories for small businesses are adaptable to match the requirements of your specific sector.

Use the appropriate software

Spreadsheets in Excel are a great tool for staying organised, but if you really want to have everything in order, you should look into getting accounting software. Quickbooks is one of the most widely used accounting programmes, and its web-based interface is incredibly user-friendly. You will be able to keep track of your invoices and payments, generate helpful reports, and reconcile your accounts with the help of this software. It gives you a clear and well-organized picture of your revenue and is an excellent tool for companies that are relatively small in scale.

Put the dates of your payments due on your calendar

You should make it a point to keep track of receivables that are “aged,” which means they are overdue, and you should rely on your calendar to remind you when you need to be paid. When a vendor seems perplexed about a payment, you may present proof of a follow-up by maintaining a documented record of all follow-up emails and phone calls. This will allow you to demonstrate that you have followed up on the matter. You will never be without written records to support your case.

Every month, reconcile your finances

Reconciliation of the accounts is crucial. It’s a means to confirm that the information in your records and bank account agree. A simple, step-by-step account reconciliation process is available in Quickbooks. Maintaining your accounts will be less stressful if you make sure to accomplish this each month rather than delaying everything until the end of the year.

Bg 03 Free Img

Enroll in a payroll service that deducts taxes and deductions automatically

When you create a W-2 and have employees, a competent payroll service will handle all the tax deductions for you. One of the best businesses to handle all of that is ADP. Visit their website for additional information.

Become close with your P&Ls

It’s essential for business owners to have a broad perspective on their organisations. All of your expenses will be broken down into categories on a profit and loss report, along with your nett revenue. These P&Ls can be compared year over year or even month over month to determine whether certain spending are increasing, decreasing, or fluctuating seasonally. Find out more about how to comprehend your P&L here.

Continually pay your taxes

If your company’s location happens to be in a state that imposes a sales tax, you will almost certainly be required to make a tax payment on a quarterly basis. Utilizing your profit and loss statement for the full year will allow you to determine whether or not you have any estimated tax obligations for the current quarter.

Was it really that terrible? It wasn’t, was it? It is not our intention to put accountants out of business, but if you have a working knowledge of what they do, you will be able to take greater control over the way in which you manage things. And hey, if you find that you enjoy it, you could always work towards getting your CPA.

Establish sales tax procedures

Selling to customers outside of your state or even country is now simpler than ever thanks to the world of eCommerce. While this is a fantastic opportunity for businesses looking to expand, it also brings about perplexing sales tax rules.

Regardless of whether they reside in the city or are a visitor from someplace else in the world, when a customer enters a brick and mortar retail establishment, they must pay the sales tax of the state or province in which they make the transaction. Customers may, however, be spread across many cities, states, provinces, and even nations when you sell online.

Apply for funding

There are numerous circumstances in which a developing eCommerce company can require outside funding, whether it comes from a line of credit, investors, a small business loan, or even a business partner.

For instance, you can have an unanticipated decline in revenue as a result of uncontrollable external events, or you might want financial support during lean times in a seasonal firm. Brands that have ambitious growth objectives frequently need to find capital in order to invest in new product development, inventory, retail shops, recruiting, and other things.

A balance sheet, income statement, and maybe a cash flow statement will be required of you in order to obtain a small company loan, so keep that in mind.

But it’s crucial to ensure the figures make sense before you approve the debt. In other words, figuring out the loan’s return on investment is a good idea. Add up all the costs you need the loan to cover, the anticipated new income you’ll receive from it, and the total interest expense. To calculate the overall cost, utilise our small business loan calculator.

How do you keep accounting records for small business?

Spreadsheets can be used to put up simple small business accounting records. However, compared to a full small business accounting software, this is more time-consuming, tiresome, and prone to manual errors. You should at the very least keep track of your costs and earnings on a safe cloud-based platform.

What is the easiest accounting software for small business?

Small businesses have access to a wide range of user-friendly accounting software alternatives, from free to premium versions. In this survey of small business accounting solutions, we suggest taking a look at user-friendly programmes like Quickbooks, Freshbooks, Xero, and Zoho Books. Additionally, you can search the Shopify App store for accounting programmes that work well with your online store.

How much are accounting fees for a small business?

The cost of accounting services varies greatly depending on your company’s needs, technology, tools, and hired specialists. You may sign up for some accounting software, such as Wave, for free, but you must pay to use services like payment processing. Though they frequently include extra features like an open API, customer assistance, and other business management services, such solutions may cost hundreds of dollars every month.

How much is an accountant for a small business?

The fees charged by accountants for small businesses are highly variable and rely on a number of different factors. The cost of outsourcing to an outside contractor or to one of the many accounting companies available can range anywhere from a few hundred dollars per month to thousands of dollars per month. This price is determined by a number of factors, including the degree of difficulty of your small business’s accounting needs and the scope of the services provided.

Other Considerations for Doing My Accounting

Although an accountant’s duties can vary, they often include data administration, financial analysis and consultation, financial reports, and regulatory compliance. The fundamentals of becoming your small business’s accountant are covered above, but as your enterprise expands, you could discover that you need to get in touch with and enlist the assistance of a professional accountant.

Starting a business can be a challenging task, but if you stick to this list, your new store’s finances will be in good shape right away. All of these activities, from choosing the correct type of bank account to opening, will help your business succeed both now and as it expands, from figuring out how much you’ll earn per product to opening the account.




Guest post by : team Form -

Like this? Share it...